Mutnovskiy is one of the easiest active volcanoes to climb in Kamchatka. It is related to the
southern group of volcanoes, famous for its thick snow cover, and the majesty of the
Mutnovskiy crater ground amazes those who come to see it. According to many who have seen
both, Mutnovskiy is every bit as beautiful as the famous Geysers Valley.
Mutnovskiy volcano is one of the most active volcanoes in Kamchatka. The splendor of the Mutnovskiy crater ground astonishes one and all, and it is no less beautiful than the famous Geysers Valley- by many accounts it even outshines it.
Mutnovskiy is one of the most easily accessible volcanoes in Kamchatka and it is located near the town of Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy. This complex volcanic structure which stands 2323 meters above the sea level is formed by four combined cones of ancient strato-volcanoes. Their magnificent craters, overlapping each other, go deep into the volcano’s body.
Mutnovskiy is one of the most active volcanoes in Kamchatka. When you are in its “heart” you will not only know it’s alive, you will feel it with your whole body. If you come closer to the main crater ground you will see a giant glacier hanging over a rapid volcanic river. Under bright sunbeams, the cracks in the glacier shine with a gorgeous teal light reflecting the formidable age of this structure.
At a temperature of 300 degrees or less, volcanic holes emit clouds of smoke on the volcano slopes and crater grounds, with steam jets composed of volcanic sulfur breaking out of the volcano’s body with force. These yellow sulfuric jets can rise up to 2.5 meters in height and attain a width of up to 5 meters in diameter.
Mud pools bubble nearby, one of the most interesting of which is called the black pool. Its diameter reaches seven meters and the black slurry water boils actively, reaching up to two meters in the air. Small thermal springs and acid lakes are on the crater ground as well- if we go through the ground further and deeper into the volcano we will discover another crater, the active funnel. A closed crater bowl about 150 meters in depth will face us when we climb the external slope of the crater to the very edge. High-temperature volcanic holes, also known as fumaroles, are present there. They reach quite a lofty height above the base of the volcano.
From the bay embankment in Petropavlovsk-Kamchatskiy, and in a good weather, you can see immense steam columns which break out of these two craters, the black pool and the active funnel. As a result of this steam and active sunrays, the volcanic glaciers begin to melt and merge into the rapid Vulkannaya river which flows down to the volcanic bottom. On the way out of the volcano the river leads into a rapid waterfall standing 80 meters in height which falls down into a lovely multicolored canyon, named Ovrag Opasniy (Dangerous canyon).